DrugWipe® 2 S BUP/MTD
Addiction treatment and drug abuse – the two sides of buprenorphine and methadone
The active substances buprenorphine and methadone have been used successfully to treat drug addiction for many years. However, both substances are also abused as drugs. For this reason, Securetec developed the DrugWipe 2 S saliva test for buprenorphine and methadone.
While the oral administration of methadone and sublingual administration of buprenorphine satisfy the physical craving for opiates, thereby preventing withdrawal symptoms, the euphoric effects that addicts desire is blocked. To deliver a “kick”, the dose has to be increased or administered in a different form. This works because intravenous or nasal delivery produces higher blood concentrations in a shorter space of time than medically prescribed administration.
Typical dose in replacement therapy
Drops or tablets
Usually sublingual (under the tongue) (e.g. Subutex®)
Calming, anxiety–reducing and sedative; similar to morphine but without the “kick”
Much weaker effect than morphine and non-sedative
3 to 4 hours
Up to 72 hours
Overdose may cause death due to respiratory arrest
Low risk of respiratory arrest due to overdose
Acceptance/chances of successful treatment
Higher degree of acceptance than buprenorphine among patients with a long history of dependency
Low sedative effect has benefits for younger patients/those integrated into society and the workforce
A comparison of the properties of buprenorphine and methadone
Ready availability of both substances on the black market facilitates their abuse. For example, 22 kg of illegal methadone and 2 kg of buprenorphine were seized across Europe in 20161. Recently, Hamburg customs investigators reported a huge haul, in which they seized Subutex® tablets with a value of 1 million euros. The tablets were en route to Scandinavia from France. In contrast to Germany and the Scandinavian countries, the legislation on narcotics in France does not cover Subutex®. It is relatively easy to buy from pharmacies there and costs just 1 or 2 euros per tablet. Germany and Scandinavia are attractive markets for sales. Black market prices here can sometimes exceed 30 euros per tablet.
See for yourself – give the DrugWipe 2 S a test run.